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The Basics of Kitchen Sink Plumbing

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Most contemporary kitchen sinks are constructed from enabled steel or stainless steel. Usually, they contain two basins that drain into a trap that keeps sewer gas from getting inside the home. The trap and the drainpipe at the wall are connected by a trap arm. Here you can read briefly about kitchen sink plumbing . 

Kitchen Sink Plumbing


There is a single-piece fixed or swivel trap, which consists of a trap and a trap arm, under a single sink. If you have a dishwasher, one of the drain hoses is connected to an air gap, a basic device that prevents back-siphoning. If you have a garbage disposal, the second drain hose will attach to it; if not, it will attach to the sink tailpiece. 

Common Plumbing Issues with Kitchen Sinks:

The three issues that affect kitchen sinks the most often are clogged drains, leaky supply pipes, and sink trap replacements. The good news is that simple plumbing tools are sufficient to deal with each of these. 

Blocked Drains:

Initially, if strainer baskets are inserted into drain openings and grease, coffee grinds, or other sticky materials are not poured down the drain, blockages can be prevented. Most blockages can be cleared using an auger or plunger if a sink does back up. You can also try organic remedies.

 

Kitchen Sink Plumbing

We strongly advise against using harsh or poisonous chemical drain cleaners. They can worsen the plumbing in your kitchen sink, are dangerous for the skin and eyes, and don’t always work. If you must use one, use extra caution. Only use them in an enamel or stainless-steel sink, and always wear safety glasses and gloves. 

Serious clogs can also be removed by probing the drainpipe behind the wall or opening the trap beneath the sink.

Leakage: 

The only thing you might need to do to stop a leak under the sink is tighten a loose slip nut on the drain assembly. If this doesn’t work, take out the portion of the trap closest to the leak and replace the washer under the connecting slip nut. 

Have a variety of washers available. It’s a good idea to replace every washer while removing a trap. Many leaks are caused by a worn washer, which is very affordable and simple to repair.

 

What Is the Price of Installing a Kitchen Sink?

  • Depending on the sink’s size and style, anything from $220 to $1950. 
    • Minimum Cost:    $220
    • Average cost:       $480
    • Maximum Cost:    $1,950

In what way is installing a kitchen sink easy?

The most difficult aspect of installing a new sink and faucet is attaching the drain assembly, which consists of the parts that go from the sink’s tailpiece to the waste line. Always work your way down from the sink tailpiece. This is the perfect application for a swivel P-trap with a trap adaptor. It has two independent axes for side-to-side swing as well as up/down adjustment.

Kitchen Sink Plumbing

Before going to the store, we suggests drawing a “map” and measuring the inside diameters of the tailpiece and waste line, which are typically 1 ½ inches. Afterwards, purchase just the parts you require—including Schedule 40 PVC pipe to cut and fit as needed—instead of a kit.

The Installation of a Kitchen Sink in Eight Steps:

First step:

The first step is to measure and mark the layout of the kitchen sink. Put a mark on the back border of the counter so that the sink will be centered within its cabinet.
Make sure that the template on the sink is aligned with the mark that is on the counter. Arrange its back edge so that it is parallel to the counter and 1½ inches away from it.

 Proceed to the following step when you have traced around it. Use tape measuring two inches to define the location of the sink if there is no template available.
On the back lip of the sink, make a mark in the middle of the sink.
On the counter, position the sink so that it is inverted. Make sure that the mark on the sink is aligned with the one that is on the bar. 

Make sure that there is a gap of one and a half inches between the back border of the sink and the backsplash. Ensure that the sink is aligned in a parallel fashion with the edge of the counter.
Trace the area around the sink, and then take it out. 

Make a mark inside the contour of the sink by the same amount as the width of the sink lip, which you have measured and subtracted by 1/8 inch.
A straightedge should be used to connect all of the marks in order to create the cut-out lines. 

Second step:

Next, make a mark on the counter where the cut lines will be.

Following the use of a straightedge to link the marks, you will arrive at a rectangular outline of the hole in the counter that is intended to accommodate the sink.
The corners should be rounded off by hand in order to get an approximation of the radius of the sink’s corners.

Next, make use of a spade bit that is slightly broader than the blade of the jigsaw (a ½-inch bit is typically suitable) and drill a hole within the radius at each corner of the cut-out lines. 

Third step:

Make a cut in the sink Getting started with a Jigsaw.

After lowering a jigsaw blade into a front hole, proceed to saw along the cut line until you reach the back hole. Repeat the process on the opposite side. 

A scrap of wood that is a few inches longer than the cutout should be laid down over the area of the sink. For the purpose of preventing the scrap from dropping or binding the saw blade, screw through the scrap and into the waste that has been cut out.
Using the front and back cut lines, cut along the lines. Take out the section that was cut out.
It is important to check that the sink is a good fit in the countertop and, if required, use the jigsaw to cut the hole. 

Fourth step:

Install the Faucet in the Kitchen.

Turn the sink over and place it on a sawhorse or counter that has been cushioned.
The supply tubing and tailpiece of the faucet should be fed through the gasket that seals the faucet to the sink, and then the supply tubing and tailpiece should be fed up through the hole (or holes) in the sink. 


Put the mounting nuts and washers on the underside of the sink deck by screwing them in place.
Be certain that the faucet is able to swing in a complete arc across the sink before you proceed to tighten the mounting bolts.

Fifth step:

 Attach the strainer to the plumber’s putty. 

In the event that the sink is still inverted, place a substantial roll of plumber’s putty beneath the lip of the strainer and then force it upward through the drain hole of the sink.
While the strainer is against the underside of the sink, place the gasket, washer, and housing (if your strainer has one) on the strainer it is attached to. To the exposed threads of the pipe joint, apply pipe joint compound. 


To secure the strainer, first manually thread the locknut onto the strainer, and then use pliers to tighten the locknut while keeping the strainer in place.
Adjust the gasket so that it fits onto the tailpiece of the sink drain, and then use the slip nut to secure it to the strainer. By hand, tighten the nut while holding the strainer in your hand. 

Sixth step:

The tape should be removed by tugging toward the center of the opening.
It is necessary to squeeze a bead of silicone caulk along the underside of the sink’s lip while the sink is still in an upside-down position. 


Place the sink in the hole in the countertop after turning it so that it is upright.
Verify that the front of the sink is aligned in a parallel fashion with the beginning of the countertop. Make any necessary adjustments to it.

 Acorn-head supply tubes or braided stainless steel hoses can be utilized to establish a connection between the faucet and the shut-off valves.
Make sure that the sprayer hose is attached to the threaded tailpiece of the faucet.

Seventh Step:

Construct the trap adapter by attaching it to the tailpiece of the sink drain.

 Construct the connection between the trap adapter and the trap, as well as the drain elbow and the waste line, by cutting and dry-fitting pieces of PVC pipe. In order to fine-tune the lengths of the pipes and their alignment, you can either swivel the trap or slide it on the tailpiece. The drain parts should be disassembled. 

Utilizing a utility knife, remove any debris from the cut ends. Use PVC primer to coat them and the pieces that they are mating with. Dry it out.
Remove PVC cement from both ends that are being connected. As soon as possible, press the pieces together. Maintain this position for thirty seconds.
All of the threaded connections should be reassembled and hand-tightened. 

Eighth Step:

Put the drain on the dishwasher and clean it up. 

Make sure that the waste nib of the tailpiece is attached to the drain line of the dishwasher. Make sure the hose clamp is secure by using a screwdriver.
Get rid of any extra putty that is on the strainer’s lip. 

Kitchen Sink Plumbing


Take off the aerator from the faucet, and then turn the water on to its highest setting. On the supply and drain lines, check for leaks at every connection along the length of the pipes. In the event that there is a leak, the nuts should be tightened by only one-eighth of a turn until the leak is stopped. 

Check to see that the front edge of the sink is parallel to the edge of the counter. During the night, while the caulk is setting, you should fill the sink with water to make it heavier and then hold it tightly. 

 


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